2º BACHILLERATO-REVISION 10

FALSE FRIENDS

ENGLISH-SPANISH

SPANISH-ENGLISH

Actual: real, verdadero

Actually: en realidad

Advice: consejo

Argument: discusión

Carpet: alfombra, moqueta

Casualty: víctima, baja en combate

Conference: congreso

Constipation: estreñimiento

Diversion: desvío

Educated: culto

Embarrassed: avergonzado

Exciting: interesante, entretenido, emocionante.

Exit: salida

Flan: tarta de frutas

Gracious: afable, cortés

Idiom: modismo, dicho

Illusion: espejismo

Large: grande

Lecture: Conferencia

Library: biblioteca

Miserable: triste

Misery: tristeza

Motorist: conductor de coche

Notice: anuncio, letrero, aviso

Parcel: paquete

Parents: padres

Petrol: gasolina

Scholar: erudito, sabio, estudioso

Sensible: sensato

Stranger: forastero

Sympathetic: compasivo

Vicious: agresivo, feroz

Actual: present-day, modern

Actualmente: currently, at present

Aviso: warning

Argumento: plot, story

Carpeta: file, folder

Casualidad: chance, accident

Conferencia: lecture, talk

Constipado: cold

Diversión: fun

Educado: polite, well-mannered

Embarazada: pregnant

Excitante: stimulating

Éxito: success

Flan: caramel custard

Gracioso: funny

Idioma: language

Ilusión: hope, thrill

Largo: long

Lectura: reading

Librería: bookshop

Miserable: shameful

Miseria: poverty

Motorista: motorcyclist

Noticia: news item

Parcela: plot of land

Parientes: relatives

Petróleo: petroleum, crude oil

Escolar: schoolchild

Sensible: sensitive

Extranjero: foreigner

Simpático: nice, pleasant

Vicioso: dissolute person

           EXERCISES

A.     Read the following sentences and decide which of the words in bold are false friends.

1.      John is such a sensible person; he always knows the best thing to

do in any situation.

2.      I wasn´t  actually there, but I heard it was a fantastic party.

3.      Steve  is so insecure; he always asks us to help him make a decision.

4.      She had good  intentions, but everything went completely wrong.

5.      He was so embarrassed  that his face turned bright red.

B.    Match each false friend with it correct meaning.

1. demonstrate                        a. take away

2. sensible                               b. very big

3. remove                                c. a place where you can borrow books

4. actually                                d. very unhappy.

5. embarrassed                       e. kind, understanding

6. large                                     f. something positive which you achieve

7. sympathetic                          g. practical, reasonable

8. library                                   h. really, in fact

9. success                                i. uncomfortable or ashamed

10. miserable                           j. take part in a march or meeting

                                                         in order to show support.

C.    Complete the sentences with the false friends in Exercise B.

1.      I haven´t got an encyclopedia at home so I have to go to the ..............

2.      The students plan to .............................against the new law.

3.      She was very ...............................when I told her my terrible story.

4.      Daniel was ...................................when everyone saw what he had done.

5.      The bookshop in the town centre has got a ......................selection of books.

6.      Please.........................your books from the table immediately!

7.      I wasn´t at the party last night.  Tell me what........................happened

8.      Everyone wished him .............................and happiness in his new job.

9.      Everyone agreed that he had made a ..............................decision.

10.  Marta was...............................when she heard she had failed the exam.