A complete tour of the museum should be taken in chronological order, beginning in the Lower Palaeolithic period and ending in the Middle Ages with Arab and Mudéjar artefacts. It usually takes around two hours to conduct a leisurely tour of the museum following this route.
The museum also offers a series of tours by subject area: these are of special interest to visitors who are pressed for time or anyone wishing to take their time to focus on specific aspects of the collections.
The first of these tours takes us to the Prehistory halls, in which you can find interesting materials from the Chalcolithic Age site at Valencina de la Concepción: items in pottery, stone, copper and bone, probably dating to between 2,500 and 2,000 B.C. There are also groups of idols, characterised by their large sun-shaped eyes and considered to be the oldest representations of deities found in Spain.
All these pieces were found in excavations carried out in dwellings and burial structures, such as the large funerary monuments, which can still be visited today and can be examined in detail in the actual museum thanks to a model of one of them which is on display in the hall.
Protohistory occupies two main areas: they are separated in space but intimately linked in terms of discourse. The first of these occupies part of the basement and features the bronze pots from La Angorilla and El Gandul and the exquisite ivory pieces from Carmona.
The second area on the first floor consists of the room dedicated to the treasure of El Carambolo. It contains a reproduction of the magnificent gold treasure relating to its original context: a sanctuary dedicated to Phoenician deities. Also on display is the representation of the Phoenician goddess Astarte in bronze; she is sitting with her feet resting on a stool, appearing on which is the oldest known text in the Iberian peninsula, 8th -7th centuries BC. Other treasures exhibited in the room include that of Ébora and Mairena, and other nearby sanctuaries such as those as Coria and Lebrija.
Meanwhile, in the Roman world on the main floor, there options abound depending on the interests of each visitor: the great sculptures from Itálica -Venus, Mercury, Diana, Fortuna, Alexander-; the mosaics; the imperial portraits, with Trajan and Hadrian; epigraphs; commerce; pottery; the funerary world; etc.
In any case, we would recommend that any tour of the Roman world includes the mosaic depicting the Trial of Paris, followed by the room of bronze Legal Epigraphs: this room brings together the richest-known collection of legal texts containing municipal and colonial laws, Senate decisions, hospitality contracts, imperial letters and other texts.