SIERRA DE ARACENA Y PICOS DE AROCHE - Ventana del Visitante
On the western side of the Sierra Morena Mountains and north of Huelva, the Sierra de Aracena y Picos de Aroche Natural Park is characterised by its extensive forest, high rainfall, mild climate and interesting natural and cultural heritage.
The extensive meadows in this mountain area have lent themselves to the breeding of Iberian pigs, resulting in an industry (pork products) that is at the centre of the economies of villages such as Cumbres Mayores and Jabugo. You must not leave without sampling the exquisite cured meats here, especially the Huelva Denomination of Origin ham. You can learn all about the region's cured meat producing history at the Ham Museum in Aracena.
The landscape varies according to altitude and rainfall. The meadows with holm oaks are replaced by cork oaks in some areas, while in higher areas there are Pyrenean oak groves, as in Solana de los Bonales. However, in villages such as Fuenteheridos, Galaroza and Castaño del Robledo, the landscape is predominantly made up of chestnut trees. Along rivers such as the Múrtigas there are riverine forests with an abundance of large trees, including black poplar, ash, willow and alder, along with brambles and climbers. These riverbank locations are ideal places to rest and relax.
This variety of forest environments is home to an interesting array of wildlife. Inside the park you can see mammals such as the Egyptian mongoose, genet and sometimes otter. There is also a wide variety of bird life: you can see vultures, kites and black storks in flight above the park. A good way to discover these natural attractions is to walk, using the signposted trails, or to go on peaceful horse riding route.
Also not to be missed are the local villages and their interesting heritage. You can visit the Almonaster la Real, with its castle, church and mosque; Cortegana Castle, one of the best conserved in the region; and the fortress of Sancho IV in Cumbres Mayores. Another option is to visit Las Maravillas Cave in Aracena, or Peña de Arias Montano Peak in Alájar, two highly interesting natural attractions.
The regional gastronomy is also delicious and varied: game, goat's cheese, cured meats and, of course, chestnuts prepared in many different ways. Another local culinary product, the wild mushroom, attracts mycology enthusiasts every year. They come to events and courses to learn how to recognise these fungi and their properties, and you can sample them in many places during the mushroom season.
NATURAL MONUMENT ENCINA Y ALCORNOQUE DE LA DEHESA DE SAN FRANCISCO
SPECIAL AREAS OF CONSERVATION (SAC) ES0000051 SIERRA DE ARACENA Y PICOS DE AROCHE
SPECIAL PROTECTION AREA FOR BIRDS (SPA) SIERRA DE ARACENA Y PICOS DE AROCHE
SITE OF COMMUNITY INTEREST (SCI) SIERRA DE ARACENA Y PICOS DE AROCHE
BIOSPHERE RESERVE DEHESAS DE SIERRA MORENA
Municipalities Alájar, Almonaster La Real, Aracena, Aroche, Arroyomolinos De Leon, Cala, Cañaveral De Leon, Castaño Del Robledo, Corteconcepcion, Cortegana, Cortelazor, Cumbres De Enmedio, Cumbres De San Bartolome, Cumbres Mayores, Encinasola, Fuenteheridos, Galaroza, Higuera De La Sierra, Hinojales, Jabugo, Linares De La Sierra, Marines (los), Nava (la), Puerto-moral, Santa Ana La Real, Santa Olalla Del Cala, Valdelarco, Zufre
Total area 186.827,00 ha.
Declaration Date 28 - July - 1989
Hiking is, without a doubt, one of the most popular activities in Sierra de Aracena and Picos de Aroche. Among the many trails that run through this natural protected area and through its villages, the signposted itinerary from Talenque to Valdelarco is an excellent choice, beginning in the El Talenque recreational area, near Navahermosa, and ending in the special town of Valdelarco. You can also take the Aracena-Linares de la Sierra trail, characterised by its holm oak meadows. This tree produces the acorns that feed the park´s most economically important resource: the Iberian pig. Once in Linares de la Sierra, you can continue on to Alájar until you are in the heart of Sierra de Aracena, enjoying the various signposted routes and taking in the surrounding landscape dotted with chestnut trees.
Some of the trails have been adapted for other activities such as horse riding and cycling. There are actually several cycle routes. The Minas del Teuler one in Santa Olalla del Cala is a circular route that runs alongside the old train track used by the miners.
During the mycological festival, held every year in November in the town of Aracena, you can learn to identify the variety and wealth of mushrooms that grow in the area. Mushroom picking is widespread in the natural park, but please take care when doing it. Be responsible and respect private property.
This natural protected area is affiliated with the European Charter for Sustainable Tourism , whose associated projects can be consulted by clicking here .
Organic extra virgin olive oil
Ctra. Oliva de la Frontera. Km 0,3
Accommodation in Hotel Apartment ** and restaurant services
C/ de la Cultura, 21
Sausages and cold cuts
C/ Marqués de Aracena,98
Hams and sausages from the Iberian pig
Plaza J. Antonio Escuredo Raimondez, s/n
Go to our visitor centres, information points and ecomuseums to get the most out of your visit.
Follow the recommendations and comply with the regulations at all times
Respect the facilities put at your disposal. We all pay for its maintenance.
Help prevent fires. Do not throw cigarettes or any other object that produces combustion.
Trash doesn't come back alone. Take it with you to the nearest container. Reduce, reuse, recycle.
Noise is another form of pollution. In silence you will enjoy your experience more.
Live respectfully with the locals and other users. Respect private property.
Facilitate use for people with special needs.
By consuming local products and counting on local companies, you will contribute to rural development.
Practice responsible tourism and committed to the environment. Be a true ecotourist!
Never leave your pet in the wild. It would endanger the flora and fauna of the place.
Get around in a sustainable way: public transport, bicycle, on foot, electric or shared vehicle ... Park in the designated places
If you bring a dog, take it on a leash. It could scare other people or animals
Do not leave a trace of your passage through nature. The best memory you can take with you is your own photograph.
Your safety is our concern, but it is your responsibility.
The conservation of natural spaces is also in your hands. Thank you for your collaboration!
FICHAS PROGRAMA NATURALEZA Y TÚ
FICHAS PROGRAMA NATURALEZA Y TÚ
GUÍAS DE VISITA A EQUIPAMIENTOS
GUÍAS OFICIALES DE PARQUES NATURALES
MAPAS GUÍAS DE ESPACIOS NATURALES
MAPAS GUÍAS DE ESPACIOS NATURALES
MAPAS DE USO PÚBLICO DE ESPACIOS NATURALES